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Dictionary of Astrological Terms

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AFFLICTION : An outdated term, which considered certain aspect or positions to be bad. Contemporary astrology teaches there are no such things as just good or bad Aspects. May still be valid in Horary Astrology.

AIR : One of the four elements, associated with mental processes, exchange and communication. The Air sign Triplicity: Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius.

ALTITUDE : The measurement of a planet in degrees and minutes from the horizon up towards the zenith. It is the planet's angular distance from the horizon measured vertically.

ANGLES : Points at which great circles intersect the ecliptic. astrologically we call them Ascendant and its opposite point the Descendant and the Midheaven or Median Coeli and its opposite point the I.C. or immum coeli.

APHELION (apo - away Helios - Sun): The point in a planet's orbit when it is furthest from the Sun.

APOGEE (apo - away Gaia - Earth): The point in the Moon's orbit that is most distant from the Earth also used when a planet is most distant from the earth

APPARENT SOLAR TIME : Measured by the Sun 's apparent motion around the earth. "Sundial Time" or the observable rising of the Sun one day and again the next day.

APPLYING Aspect : Refers to the relationship of two planets when the faster moving planet in an aspect is in an earlier degree than the slower planet.

APSE CYCLE : a nine-year cycle of the Moon's orbit used chiefly for Weather forecasting.

APSE or APSIDES LINE: A line connecting the two points of the Moon's PERIGEE and APOGEE, the longest axis of the Ellipse of the Moon's orbit. A Progression of this line causes the Moon's orbit to turn on itself once every 3232.5 days, about 9 years. This produces the APSE CYCLE used in Meteorology.

ARC: Any part of the circumference of a circle in which the distance is measured from one point to another or, astrologically the distance travelled along the ECLIPTIC by a body over a given period of time.

ARCHETYPES : Patterns of emotional and mental behaviour in people. These are inherited , common to all . They are primordial unconscious elements in the psyche. Also known as instinctual patterns of behaviour, or race memory.

ASCENDANT, Rising Sign, First House : The cusp, the beginning degree, based on the time of day and place of birth of the subject, of the first house, and the first house itself. The intersection of the HORIZON and the ECLIPTIC.

ASCENSION: LONG AND SHORT: Because of the oblique angle of the Ecliptic to the equator, certain signs at mid latitudes take longer to rise above the horizon that others. In the Southern Hemisphere, the signs Cancer to Sagittarius are called signs of SHORT Ascension and the signs Capricorn to Gemini are called signs of LONG Ascension. The reverse signs apply in the Northern Hemisphere.

ASPECT : Refers to the geometric or Angular relationship between planets in the Ecliptic. There are major Aspects: Conjunction, Opposition, Square, Trine and Sextile; and Minor Aspects: Semi-square, Semi-sextile, Inconjunct, Sesquiquadrate.

ASTEROIDS: Thousands of small celestial bodies mostly orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. The largest is Ceres. Theory of origins is that they may have been composed from a disintegrated planet, which once orbited between Mars and Jupiter. They fit BODES LAW of Planetary distance.

ASTROLOGER : Trained practitioner of the art and science of Astrology.

ASTROLOGY : Study of the relationships between people and events on earth, and the cycles, position, aspects, and motion of the Sun, Moon and eight planets along the ecliptic.

AZIMUTH: A measurement of a planet's angular distance from the HORIZON in Degrees and Minutes Westward from where the MERIDIAN intersects the south point of the Horizon to a vertical containing the planet, or, an angle made by the vertical of the planet to the Meridian. Astronomy uses this measurement as ZENITH DISTANCE

BODES LAW: Noticed by Astronomer Bode that the relative distances from the Sun can be calculated, beginning with Mercury as numeric 0, calling Venus 3 then doubling for each planet, i.e. 6, 12 etc. Add 4 then divide by 10 gives an Astronomical unit that relates to distance.

CADENT : The 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th Houses of a chart are known as the Cadent Houses.

CARDINAL : Signs of the Zodiac - Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn

CELESTIAL BODY: Any object, planet, satellite, Moon, Comet, Asteroid.

CELESTIAL EQUATOR: A GREAT CIRCLE passing through Earth's Equator, projected into space. It forms a perpendicular to the earth's axis. CELESTIAL EQUATOR is defined as 00. The Sun reaches maximum declination of 23degrees27 ' at the summer and winter SOLSTICES and 00 or no declination at the EQUINOXES when it passes from south to north and back again - i.e. crosses the equator.

CELESTIAL LATITUDE and LONGITUDE: a projection of the Earth Latitude and Longitude into space.

CELESTIAL MERIDIAN: A great circle passing through the north and south points of the plane of the Horizon. The EARTH'S MERIDIAN is the equivalent of zero LONGITUDE, projected into space.

CELESTIAL POLES: A projection of the TERRESTRIAL POLES into space.

CELESTIAL SPHERE: The apparent canopy of the stars, which prescribe a visual sphere, which, is a projection of the earth sphere into space. The co-ordinates of the Earth grid can be "projected" to give Celestial measurements.

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS is made up of Archetypes, instinctual patterns, inherited traits, race memory and is a wellspring of collective behaviours.

COMETS: Bodies orbiting the Sun most of which have luminous tail visible when near the sun. The tail always points away from the Sun. Some orbit in an ELLIPSE, and return at regular intervals, others orbit PARABOLIC, which is an undefined ellipse.

COMMON : Old word for Mutable. Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.

CONFIGURATION : Pattern of Aspects in the chart.

CONJUNCTION : Aspect where the planets or planets and points are within approximately 8 degrees.

CONSCIOUSNESS : The quality of awareness of what is happening around us and responding by identifying the Ego with events and relationships.

CONSTELLATION : Groups of stars with a recognisable pattern and an ancient mythological correspondence.

CRESCENT : the Moon when it is 45 degrees ahead of the Sun in its cycle.

CRITICAL DEGREES : Certain positions in the Zodiac are considered critical - based on the Lunar Mansions.

CULMINATION: The point, at which the ECLIPTIC and the MERIDIAN intersect, called the MIDHEAVEN or MEDIAN COELI

CUSP : The beginning of each house or sign.

DECANATE : Signs divided into three 10-degree divisions. The first decan of a sign is governed by its natural ruler. The second and third decans are governed by the rulers of the signs in the same quality.

DECLINATION : The angular distance measured in degrees north and south of the CELESTIAL EQUATOR defined as 00. The Sun reaches maximum declination of 23degrees27 ' at the summer and winter SOLSTICES and 00 or no declination at the EQUINOXES when it passes from south to north and back again - i.e. crosses the equator.

DEGREE : A measurement based on 360 in the circle.

DESCENDANT : Degree and sign opposite the Ascendant. The 7th house. One of the angles in a chart.

DESTRUCTIVE : Disharmony and friction in the psyche or between the person and his associations in his environment-causing breakdown.

DETRIMENT : Weak position for a planet in the opposite of a sign it 'rules'.

DIRECT : The forward motion of a planet, as it moves through the Zodiac.

DIRECTIONS - The forecasting of future positions of the planets and aspects they will make to those in the Natal Chart.

DISPOSITOR: Same as ruler of the sign. Said to 'dispose' or dominate the planet in the sign.

DIURNAL ARC: Measurement in degrees of a planet from rising to setting also called Daily Arc.

DIURNAL MOTION: The passage from Midnight to Midnight of a planet across the Ecliptic. Called Daily Motion.

DRAGON'S HEAD: Refers to the Moon's north node. The north node is the point at which the Moon crosses the equator moving from south to north.

DRAGON'S TAIL : Moon's south node, exactly opposite the north node.

EARTH : One of the four elements. Represents physical, down-to-earth qualities. Triplicity of Earth signs: Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn.

ECLIPSE: The Total or Partial blocking of light of one heavenly body by another. This is also called OCCULATION. SOLAR ECLIPSE occurs when the Moon is between Sun and Earth. LUNAR ECLIPSE occurs when the Earth is between Sun and Moon, thus blocking light. A Solar Eclipse can only take place when there is a conjunction of Sun and Moon at new moon, and when they are parallel in declination and within 9 degrees of the Moon's Nodes. A Lunar Eclipse can only take place when the Sun and Moon are in opposition, at full moon, contra-parallel and within 9 degrees of the Moon's Nodes.

ECLIPTIC: The apparent path of the Sun across the sky. The plane of the Ecliptic is tilted in reference to the celestial equator at 23 27'. Where the Celestial Equator and the Ecliptic intersect are the Equinoxes.

EGO : The conscious part of the psyche , which we identify as personal; the personality.

EGRESS: Astrologically the point at which a body leaves a sign. Astronomically the point at which a body leaves a constellation.

 ELECTION : Chart cast to find the proper time for initiating a given action or event.

 ELEMENT : In Astrology refers to the division of signs into Fire, Earth, Air, and Water, corresponding to the Earth's elements in nature.

 ELEVATED : Planet placed in an elevated position in the chart, near the Midheaven or upper meridian, the 10th House.

 EPHEMERIS : Tables of planetary positions for any place on earth at given times.

 EQUATOR : Position of latitude zero midway between the poles.

 EQUINOX: The point where the Celestial Equator and the Ecliptic intersect marks a point in space dividing the Celestial Sphere into North and South. When the Sun reaches this point in Declination, day and night are of almost equal length. This occurs twice a year as the Sun's apparent motion changes from north to south and south to north.

 EXALTATION : When a planet is in certain signs it shows greater strength.

 FALL : When a planet is in certain signs, it is weak. A planet in its Fall is in the opposite sign of its Exaltation;

 FEMININE, Negative signs : Refers to the qualities of receptivity and reaction, introversion. The negative signs are the water and earth group; Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Pisces.

 FIRE : One of the four elements. It represents an overt, enthusiastic, and active nature. The Triplicity of Fire signs: Aries, Leo and Sagittarius.

 FIXED : One of the three qualities, refers to the signs Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius.

 FIXED STARS; Stars are different bodies than planets as they are self-luminous not depending on the Sun for light. Their great distance from Earth makes them appear not to move.

 GEOCENTRIC: (Gaia - earth Kentron - centre) Using Earth as the CENTRAL point of reference or perception.

 GRAND CROSS : A pattern formed by the planets when in Aspect. The Grand Cross happens when two planets are in opposition and two other planets in opposition cross them at 90-degree angles. Usually will occur within the same quality; Cardinal, Fixed or Mutable.

 GRAND TRINE: The position of two planets 120 degrees apart is called a Trine. When there are three planets, each 120 degrees apart, a Grand Trine is formed. Usually occur in the same Element.

 GREAT CIRCLE: Any circle, the plane of which passes through the centre of the earth, the imaginary core, projecting into space to intersect the ecliptic. Those most used in Astrology are the Horizon, the Equator and the Ecliptic. A LESSER CIRCLE does not pass through the centre of the earth but can be at any point. Lesser Circles define the TROPICS.

 GREENWICH MEAN TIME: A standard of time measurement commencing at the GREAT CIRCLE passing through the Poles of the equator and the position of Greenwich, England, from which Earth's Time Zones and Earth Longitudes begin.

 HELIACAL RISING OR SETTING: The Rising or setting of a star at the same time as the Sun.

 HELIOCENTRIC : Refers to the Sun as the centre. A separate branch of astrological study.

 HEMISPHERE EMPHASIS : All planets in the chart east, west, south or north.

 HORARY ASTROLOGY : Horoscope cast for a question.

 HORIZON: A plane specific to a given location on Earth, which divides the visible hemisphere from the invisible hemisphere. The APPARENT HORIZON is a plane tangent to earth from a specific location - what we actually see as horizon dividing earth and sky and depending on elevation of the location above seas level. The GEOCENTRIC HORIZON is a Great Circle, defined by an imaginary plane passing through earth's core, which is parallel to the Apparent horizon. The RATIONAL HORIZON is the Geocentric Horizon projected into space.

 HOROSCOPE, Chart, Nativity, Natal chart or Map : A plotting of the geocentric positions of the planetary bodies in relation to earth, as they move through the ecliptic in their annual journey around the sun. Calculated in relation to the place and time of a birth.

 HOUSE : One of the twelve divisions of the celestial equator. Similar to the division of the ecliptic or zodiac into signs.

 INFERIOR FUNCTION : Opposite of the Superior Function, the least developed of the four functions; Thinking , Intuition , Sensation and Feeling , and believed to lie totally in the unconscious and outside of the workings of our will. This process is completely separate from our conscious actions, and expresses itself in dreams. .Instinctive, primitive and primordial responses.,

 INGRESS: astrologically, the entry of any of the planetary bodies or luminaries into a sign of the zodiac. Astronomically, the entry of the planetary bodies into a different constellation.

 LIBIDO : Psychic energy. A counterpart to physical energy with as much variety of expression. The creative principle which animates conscious expression.

 LIGHTS : Sun and Moon are referred as the Lights.

LOCAL SPACE: A method of Astrology using Altitude and Azimuth as measures to define geographical relationship with the planets.

 LONG ASCENSION: Signs Cancer through Sagittarius takes longer to rise during the months of June through November.

 LUNATION: A conjunction of the Sun and Moon is called a lunation. This occurs every 29.3 days.

 LUNE: A portion of the celestial sphere. Each of the 12 sections of the sphere we call Houses is a LUNE.

 MASCULINE, Positive, extrovert signs : Signs in the fire and air element group. These are Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and Aquarius. Image at right: An eighteenth century manuscript depicting the constellation of the Masculine or Positive sign: Aquarius.

 MEAN SOLAR TIME: The MEAN is the AVERAGE of the Sun's apparent passage since the Sun does not move uniformly through the Zodiac.

 MERIDIAN: A GREAT CIRCLE, specific to a location on earth, PERPENDICULAR to the HORIZON, intersecting it at its north and south points and passing through the NADIR and ZENITH.

 METEOR or METEORITE: Millions scattered through the Solar system. These are known as Shooting Stars and are masses of debris. Shower meteors come in swarms such as the LEONIDS each year in November, with a 33-year massive swarm. Sporadic meteors appear from any direction at any time. Usually consumed by Earth's atmosphere, one that lands on earth is called a Meteorite.

 MIDHEAVEN: The point at which the Meridian and the Ecliptic intersect at any given time. It is the same for all Terrestrial Locations.

 MUNDANE Astrology : The study of human affairs through the horoscopes of political leaders, historical events, or celestial phenomena.

 MUTABLE : Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces. These signs are characterised by their mental and adaptable quality.

 MUTUAL RECEPTION: Refers to two planets, each in a sign ruled by the other, with a subsequent strengthening of both planets.

 NADIR AND ZENITH: The Poles of the Horizon which indicates its extremities according to cardinal points of the compass, South to North, East to West. (Nadir is directly below the observer, Zenith overhead.) A line drawn between Zenith and Nadir would be in the direction of the gravitational pull, like hanging a pendulum or plumb line.

 NATAL ASTROLOGY : The charting and interpretation of a personal horoscope made for the exact time and place of a person's birth. Also called Geneathlical Astrology

 NATIVE : The person for whom a horoscope is charted.

 NATURAL ZODIAC: Name given to the constellations of stars in the heavens which originally, more than two thousand years ago, identified the signs of the zodiac.

 NODES of the MOON. The Moon does not orbit in the Ecliptic but is inclined to it by a mean of 5 degrees 8 minutes. The two points in the Moon's orbits where it cuts across the plane of the Ecliptic are called NODES. The ASCENDING node is called North Node where the Moon crosses the Ecliptic from South to North and the DESCENDING node is called South Node where the Moon crosses the Ecliptic from North to South. A line joining these points is called NODAL AXIS.

 NONAGESIMAL: The highest point of the Ecliptic above the Horizon, therefore exactly 90 from both Asc. and Dsc. Not to be confused with the Midheaven.

 OCCULATION: Same as an Eclipse but is generally applied to total not partial. Eclipses. Planets can OCCULATE each other from a geocentric view.

 PARALLEL of DECLINATION: When two bodies are at the same Latitude North or South of the Celestial equator. They do not need to be in the same Longitude position. When two bodies are in the same Latitude but one is North and one South of the Celestial equator they are CONTRA-PARALLEL in Declination.

 PERIGEE: (Peri - near Gaia -Earth) The point in orbit where the Moon or a planet is nearest the Earth. Opposite if Apogee.

 PERIHELION (Peri - near, Helios - Sun). The point in a planet's orbit where it is closest to the Sun or the point that a planet reaches that position. Opposite of Aphelion.

 PERSONA : The face or mask, we present to the world. The lens through which we project our personality and carry on our daily activities. How we wish to be perceived and how we are perceived. It is an outer attitude developed specifically for relating to and dealing with our environment. A coping mechanism. A sort of role. For instance, an astrologer does astrology , acts the role of astrologer and is identified as an astrologer, but this is only the outer layer of who he is. Persona is astrologically represented by the Ascendant and Midheaven.

 PERSONALITY : The conscious perceptions, attitudes, and habits that we have developed from birth and conditioned by the environment we are born into. How we interpret, integrate, and reflect cultural, social environment Astrologically personality is symbolised by the Sun, Moon and Ascendant

 PLANET : Referred in Astrology as any one of the 10 heavenly bodies situated along the ecliptic. The Sun is a star, and the Moon is the Earth's satellite but they too are referred to as planets, for sake of ease of use. The ten planets are in their natural order from the Sun: Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto

 POLAR ELEVATION: is the height of the pole of any given place above the Horizon and is the equivalent of that place's LATITUDE or Angular distance from the Equator.

 PRECESSION of the EQUINOXES: The Vernal Equinox or First point of Aries is an important reference point in Astronomy and Astrology as it indicates the start of a Seasonal Year, when the Sun is at the intersection of Equator and Ecliptic. Due to Precession, the CONSTELLATION, which forms a background to the Solar system, is changed from year to year by an amount of approx. 52 seconds of arc. This is caused by the Earth's tilt of 2327' to the plane of the Ecliptic and other perturbations in its rotation causing the Earth to "wobble on it's axis". Astrologically, we still refer to the Vernal Equinox as the Aries Ingress or First Point of Aries as the moment when the cycle of the Zodiac begins. At present, the Constellation of Pisces is in the background and the Vernal Equinox point is located in that constellation. Precession occurs 'backwards' through the signs, so the Vernal Equinox will eventually be against the background of the constellation Aquarius.

 PRIME VERTICAL: A GREAT CIRCLE that intersects the Horizon at the East and West points passing through the ZENITH and NADIR at right angles to the Meridian.

 PSYCHE : The conscious and unconscious parts of the person. A dynamic wholeness in constant motion and governed by its own laws. Astrologically, the psyche is represented by the whole, integrated and synthesised chart pattern.

 QUADRANT: One of four quarters of the Celestial Sphere and transposed to the horoscope as three houses. It is defined by the intersection of the Axis between Ascendant and Descendant and Midheaven and Immum Coeli.

 RADIUS VECTOR: Distance at any given time of a planet from the Sun's Centre.

 RETROGRADE: When a planet appears to be moving backwards due to the relative speed of the earth to the planets. This is only apparent and only from a geocentric perspective.

 RISING : Refers to the position of a planet in the houses near the ascendant. The planet is considered rising if it is within a given orb of conjunction with the Ascendant.

 RISING SIGN, Ascendant, First House

 RULER : The planet assigned as influential to one or two of the signs.

 SELF : The essence of a person. The central core within the psyche to which every part is related. To become what one potentially is. The basic potential when developed and integrated into the person, becomes actualised, and unifies life. In astrology, the circle is the symbol for the self, represented by the Sun.

 SELF-ACTUALISATION : The fulfilment of the self through developing potential and the acceptance of our limitations. Life purpose unfolding, integrated into the self and lived out.

 SHADOW : Resides in the personal Unconscious, wherein are contained the complexes resulting from repressed desires and emotions. Shadow is the inferior part of ourselves, the part that contains all of those things we deny about ourselves, positively and negatively. A primitive part of nature, can be the uncivilised and uncontrolled part, the guilt-ridden part that we are ashamed of, and all that we do not want to admit about ourselves. Shadow surfaces in situations where we feel intense emotion, uncontrollable rage, or do something out of character Astrologically, it is Pluto who appears to correspond with Shadow tendencies, in that is necessary to uncover and release these subsurface complexes in order to begin anew. The 7th house may be where Shadow is projected.

 SIDEREAL DAY: The True rotation of the Earth measured by two successive transits of a fixed star over the observer's Meridian.

 SIDEREAL TIME: Called Star Time. Time is measured from the fixed stars. A More precise way of measuring time but not practical to use for social purposes.

 SIDEREAL YEAR: The passage of the Sun over two successive passages over a fixed star. 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes and 9.5 seconds.

 SIDEREAL ZODIAC: Refers to the position of the celestial bodies as seen against the actual CONSTELLATIONS not the SIGNS. The starting point for Aries is therefore unreliable because of precession.

 SIGNIFICATOR : A planet with specific importance.

 SOLAR APEX: The Sun revolves around a GALACTIC CENTRE along with all the other bodies associated with the Solar System. It moves at 12 miles per second in the direction of the Constellation Hercules, in right Ascension 277 and declination of 30 North at the end of December each year, when Earth is directly behind the Sun in its motion round the centre of the Galaxy. The point to which the Sun's galactic motion moves is called the Solar Apex.

 SOLSTICE: The time when the Sun is at its greatest Northern or Southern Declination, on the TROPICS. The Sun is then farthest from the Equator and seems to "stand still". The opposite point in the year to the Equinoxes. It then appears to turn in the opposite direction. This impression of created by the earth's tilt of 23 degrees 27 minutes and the Tropics lie at earth Latitudes of 23 degrees 27 minutes north or south of the Equator

 SOUL : Jung's Anima and Animus. Inner personality, the complement of the outer Personality and Persona, functioning as a mediator between the Ego and the inner world. Anima is the masculine soul and represents the feminine nature within; Animus is the feminine soul, and represents the masculine nature within. These are prominent Archetypes, which are the foundation stones of the entire Psyche, filtering the contents of the collective unconscious, allowing them to pass through to the conscious mind. The Soul links the unconscious to the conscious mind, serving as a bridge or portal to unconscious images and drives.

 SOUTHING: The moment when a celestial body crosses the upper meridian of the observer is "Southing" that Meridian.

 SUPERIOR FUNCTION : One of four basic functions by which a person adapts to the environment most easily. Thinking, Feeling, Sensation and Intuition. Each person adapts to his or her reality, by means of one of these basic functions, known as the Superior Function.

 SUPERIOR PLANET: Those planets whose orbit lies outside that of Earth, i.e. Mars to Pluto.

 SYNODIC PERIOD: The time taken a body to reach from one conjunction with the Sun to the next. The Synodic period of the Moon is 29.5 days, or one LUNATION to the next.

 TEMPERATE ZONE: The area between the TROPICS and the north or south pole of the earth. By subtracting 2327' - the position of the Tropic, from 90 we get latitude of 6633'. These mark the Earth's Arctic or Antarctic circles (LESSER CIRCLES). At the Solstices, the Sun does not set in these regions but remains above the horizon for 24 hours.

 TERRESTRIAL POLES: North and South Poles of the Earth, where the AXIS of the earth's rotation meets the surface of the earth.

 TIME ZONE: A division of the earth's longitudes into Zones for the convenience of measuring time in a uniform manner. Each Zone is of 15 of longitude and accounts for 1 hour of time, East or West of Greenwich. East, the time is earlier and West time is later as the Sun rises from East and Sets to the West. i.e. 10' of longitude = 4 minutes of time.

 TORRID ZONE: Area of Earth between the Equator and the Tropics.

 TRANSIT: The passage of a celestial body across the upper or lower meridians. Broadly speaking it refers to the travel over a given period, of that body. Interpretation of a horoscope by relating the position of the planets today, or for a particular time span to the position of the planets in the birth or mundane chart.

TRIPLICITY : The classification of the signs in groups of three based on their elemental distinction. The signs as "fire", "water", "air" and "earth".

 TROPIC of CANCER: A "Small Circle" 2327' North of the Earth's Equator where the Sun reaches its highest declination North. This relates to the sun's position there at the Solstice. It is the same angular measurement as the Earth's tilt to the plane of the Ecliptic.

 TROPIC of CAPRICORN: A "Small Circle" 2327' South of the Earth's Equator where the Sun reaches its highest declination South. This relates to the Sun's position at the Solstice. It is the same angular measurement as the earth's tilt to the plane of the Ecliptic.

 TROPICAL YEAR: (Tropos - to turn) Successive passages of the Sun through the Vernal Equinox or first point of Aries. 365 days 5 hours, 48 minutes 46 seconds. The Tropical year is just over 20 minutes shorter than the SIDEREAL YEAR.

 TROPICAL ZODIAC: (Tropos - to turn) This refers to the astrological system based on the calculation of the planets motion through the SIGNS of the Zodiac starting at a logical and calculable starting point, the intersection of the Equator and Ecliptic.

 UNCONSCIOUS : There are two parts to the Unconscious: the Personal and the Collective Unconscious. The Personal Unconscious is made up of complexes acquired in our Personality development, in our conscious attempt to integrate and deal with our environment. The Collective Unconscious is the deeper level accessible with difficulty but which is active and connects all people with a common energy.

 VENUS and MERCURY MORNING STAR AND EVENING STAR: Because of Regular Retrograde motion these planets sometime appear in front of or behind the Sun in position on the Ecliptic. This occurs when the planets are at their greater elongation East or West of the Sun so appear during the dark hours.

 WATER : One of the four elements. Water is associated with the emotional processes. The Triplicity of Water signs: Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces.

 ZODIAC: A belt in the sky 8 either side of the line of the Ecliptic where all the planets appear to travel. "Circle of Animals" named after some of the constellations but not coinciding with them.

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